# Can you create a small multiple waterfall chart?

For this week’s #WOW2020 challenge, Lorna Brown asked us to recreate a waterfall chart – a chart style that hasn’t featured in many previous challenges (if at all), and is always a useful one to know how to build.

I’m familiar with these, and this challenge didn’t cause me too many issues, so this blog is going to be brief.

• Building the waterfall
• Small multiple / grid layout

Building the waterfall

So I’d built out the basic waterfall for each month and day by plotting Year(Order Date), Month(Order Date) and Day(Order Date) on Columns. The Day(Order Date) field was set to Show Missing Values so each day without an order was still plotted, and I was trying to figure out how to get the additional ‘long’ bar at the end.

I worked out it was essentially a ‘total’ bar and when I duplicated my data as crosstab and played round with the data in a tabular form, I got the subtotals I needed displayed.

But I seemed to be having issues displaying these on the chart view. So I turned to my usual route, Google, and had a search, and came across this blog from Tim Ryan at The Data School, which gives you the complete guide to building the waterfall, so there’s no need for me to repeat it all – thanks Tim! 🙂

My issue was I had a green continuous Day(Order Date) field rather than a blue discrete one – doh!

The only couple of things you need to make note of – you need to ensure you have 0 displayed for the missing dates

Actual Profit

ZN(SUM([Profit]))

and the gantt bars should be coloured red for negative profit, blue for positive and grey for the missing days

Colour

IF SUM([Profit])<0 THEN ‘Red’ ELSEIF SUM([Profit]) > 0 THEN ‘Blue’
ELSE ‘Grey’
END

Small multiple / grid layout

For this you need fields to add to the Rows and Columns shelf that position the month in the appropriate cell.

The Quarter(Order Date) (blue discrete) on Rows, is just used to define the row a month lands in.

You then need

Cols

IF MONTH([Order Date])%3 = 0 THEN 3
ELSE MONTH([Order Date])%3
END

which assigns each month a value of 1,2 or 3. You’ll need this on the Columns shelf.

The label shows the month and the total profit in the month, so I created an LOD for this

Profit for Month

{FIXED YEAR([Order Date]),MONTH([Order Date]): SUM([Profit])}

From this I wanted the maximum value of all the monthly profits

Max Monthly Profit in Year

{FIXED Year([Order Date]): MAX([Profit for Month])}

I then used a dual axis to plot this field on the Rows, set the mark type to a line and set the opacity of the line colour to 0%, so it disappears.

The month and value were then added to the Label shelf and the label set to Label start of line only and also right aligned to get the required positioning.

And that’s it. I said this would be brief 🙂 My published viz is here.

Happy vizzin’! Stay Safe!

Donna