Can you visualise the Cholera Outbreak?

Lorna delivered an exciting map based challenge this week, to recreate one of the most famous visualisations ever created. If you’re part of the data viz community and never heard of John Snow and his cholera map, then I suggest you go and google now 🙂

While I love map based challenges, as its an area I don’t get to use regularly, they’re also the ones that can give me the most frustrations/take the longest to complete, as the functions and concepts I need to use don’t come as readily as with other challenges. I had to refer back to my own blogs on previous map based challenges (specifically this one and this one), to help me out. However these were written before map layers were introduced, so not everything was applicable.

  • Modelling the data
  • Building the Avg Distance to Pump bar chart
  • Building the Total Deaths within Avg Distance bar chart
  • Building Map
  • Adding the dashboard interactivity

Modelling the data

3 sets of data was provided

  • Pumps – 1 row per pump with its location
  • Deaths – 1 row per death and its location (can be multiple rows for the same location)
  • Deaths aggregated – 1 row per location where at least 1 death was recorded, including the count of deaths at that location

This all needed to be ‘combined’ so we can work across all 3 sets of data and compare the locations. I used relationship calculations to create a relationship of 1=1 between the related data sets, which means all the aggregated deaths are mapped to each pump, and all the individual deaths are mapped to each pump too.

Building the Avg Distance to Pump bar chart

I chose to start building the bar charts first so I could get better acquainted with how the data was working together, and I knew the maps would take more effort.

To start we need to figure out the distance from each pump to each death, so we need to get the location of each pump, and the location of each death

Pump Location

MAKEPOINT([Pump Lat],[Pump Lon])

Individual Death Location

MAKEPOINT([Death Lat],[Death Lon])

These will both create calculated fields of a geographic data type as indicated by the globe icon to the left of the field.

And with these fields, we can then work out the distance between them in metres

Distance Pump to Death

DISTANCE([Pump Location], [Individual Death Location],’m’)

Now we want the average distance per pump

Avg Distance

{FIXED [Pump ID]: AVG([Distance Pump to Death])}

I formatted this to 0 dp and added a suffix of ‘m’

And with this, we can build the first bar chart – Pump ID on Rows and Avg Distance on Columns. You need to apply formatting

  • Change the font – I set the font to Times New Roman at the Workbook level, to make life easier (Format menu > Workbook).
  • Set the worksheet background colour. I used #f5f1f0
  • Add a black border to each bar (via the Colour shelf)
  • Show labels on bars (via Label shelf)
  • Hide Avg Distance axis (uncheck show header on the Avg Distance pill)
  • Remove all row & column borders
  • Set the Axes Ruler on Rows to black
  • Set the Tooltips

A parameter is needed to store the selected pump

pSelectedPump – an integer defaulted to 1

With this, we can then create a field to indicate which pump is selected

Is Selected Pump?

[Pump ID]=[pSelectedPump]

Add this field to the Colour shelf and set the True option to black and the false option to match the background colour you used.

Building the Total Deaths within Avg Distance bar chart

We now need to identify if the death occurred within the average distance that has been calculated.

Number Deaths within Avg Distance

SUM(INT([Distance Pump to Death] <= [Avg Distance]))

This is a bit of short hand instead of writing IF [Distance Pump to Death] <= [Avg Distance] THEN 1 ELSE 0, and summing up the result. It relies on the the fact that the equation [Distance Pump to Death] <= [Avg Distance] returns a boolean of true or false, which can be converted to an integer as true =1 and 0 = false.

At a row level, the field just returns 1 or 0, but just plot this field against Pump ID, you get the desired count

And the easiest way to build this bar chart, is to duplicate the one created above (on the worksheet tab, right click & duplicate sheet), then replace the Avg Distance pill with the Number Deaths within Avg Distance pill (simply drag the latter from the data pane and drop directly onto the former in the columns shelf). Then adjust tooltips etc to suit. Doing it this way preserves (most of) the formatting.

Building the Map

We’re going to use 4 layers in creating the map, and I’m documenting from the bottom upwards (although this isn’t the order in which I actually built the viz in practice – I shuffled things round afterwards).

We’ll start with the density layer – the blue coloured area on the map.

On a new sheet, add Individual Death Location and Death ID to the Detail shelf. This should automatically create a map view with the auto generated lat & long fields. Then

  • Change the mark type to Density
  • Change the colour to Density Blue-Teal Light
  • Alter the Intensity to 75%, the Opacity to 60%
  • Increase the Size to maximum
  • Delete the info in the tooltip

We need to set the background map

Via the Map > Map Layers menu option, set the Style to Normal and uncheck all options and set Streets, Highways, Routes

Then set the worksheet background to the colour we’ve used before

Onto Layer 2 – the pump buffer circle.

We’ve already identified the selected pump, but now we need to get it’s location, and for that we need the lat and long of the selected pump.

Selected Pump Lat

{FIXED: MIN(IIF([Is Selected Pump?],[Pump Lat],NULL))}

This essentially gets the latitude of the selected pump and sets that value across all the rows in the data.

Selected Pump Long

{FIXED: MIN(IIF([Is Selected Pump?],[Pump Lon],NULL))}

And with these we can get

Selected Pump Location

MAKEPOINT([Selected Pump Lat],[Selected Pump Long])

We also need to get the average distance of the selected pump spread across every row

Selected Pump Avg Distance

{FIXED :SUM( IF [Is Selected Pump?] THEN [Avg Distance] END)}

Now we have this, we can build the buffer field

Pump Buffer

BUFFER([Selected Pump Location],[Selected Pump Avg Distance],’m’)

Drag this Pump Buffer field onto the map and drop it onto the ‘Add a Marks Layer’ section that should appear. This will create an additional marks card.

Set the colour to the same background colour previously used, and drop the opacity to around 5%. Add Pump ID to Detail and Selected Pump Avg Distance to the Tooltip shelf. Adjust tooltip to match.

Onto Layer 3 – the pumps

Drag Pump Location onto the map and Add a Marks Layer.

Add Pump ID to Text and Location to Tooltip to the relevant marks card. Change mark type to circle, increase the size and change colour to red and add a dark grey border. Adjust text to be centred, and set the tooltips accordingly.

Onto the final layer now, the aggregated death locations. We need a further location field

Death Location

MAKEPOINT([DeathLat (deaths aggregate.csv)], [DeathLon (deaths aggregate.csv)])

Drag this onto the map to Add a Marks Layer then on the subsequent marks card add Loc ID to the Detail shelf. Change the mark type to circle, and add Deaths to the Size shelf – adjust accordingly. Change the colour to black with a white border. Adjust tooltip.

Adding the dashboard interactivity

Add the 3 sheets onto a new dashboard sheet. Create a new dashboard action to Change Parameter, that runs on select of any of the 3 charts, and targets the pSelectedPump parameter by setting it with the value from the Pump ID field.

Now if you select a pump on the map, or a bar on either of the bar charts, all the charts will reflect the selection made.

The other interactvity you may notice, is that on click, of the bars, or the pumps, the other data ‘fades’ (or the selected data is highlighted). We don’t want this.

To resolve, create a calculated field

True

True

and another

False

False

Add both these fields to the Detail shelf on both bar chart sheets and to the Detail shelf on the Pumps marks card.

Then on the dashboard, create a dashboard filter action which filters on selected fields setting True = False (see below). You’ll need to create one of these actions for each of the 3 sheets.

And hopefully, you now have a working viz. My published version is here.

Happy vizzin’! Stay Safe!

Donna

Can you structure the unstructured?

As soon as I saw that Candra’s challenge for this week was going to involve Regular Expressions (RegEx), I gave a little groan. RegEx just isn’t my thing 😦 I only ever seem to use them for these challenges, and not in my working life, so have minimal experience. I always think I should focus some time on learning them properly, but other things just end up taking priority. Ho Hum…

So most of my time was spent trying to wrangle the info I needed to identify ‘how many bedrooms’ each property had. I did a bit of googling to try to find the right expressions I think I needed, used the regex101 site to test my expression to find certain patterns of text against some of the data in the Description field, and then tried to plug that into a calculated field in Tableau to extract the data I needed.

But I couldn’t get it to work 😦 I could find matching text using the REGEXP_MATCH function, but when I then tried to use the REXP_EXTRACT functions I couldn’t get anything out…

So I ended up having to look at the solutions that had already been published by the time I started, Candra’s, Lorna Brown’s and Sam Epley’s. I just needed to get my head round what I was obviously doing wrong and give me some pointers. All 3 had slightly different approaches. I absorbed, then closed their workbooks and attempted again from memory. With a lot more trial and error I got somewhere… it isn’t perfect and has some mismatches from the others (but they don’t all match each other either…).

Once I’d got a grouping for each property, the actual Tableau stuff was quite straightforward…

  • Identifying the ‘Number of Bedrooms’
  • Building the Histogram
  • Adding the Average Price
  • Building the Map
  • Adding the Interactivity

Identifying the Number of Bedrooms

So the way I approached this, was to try to identify all the various permutations that represented the word ‘bedroom’ and replace it with the word ‘Bedroom’. But one of the options was BR or br, and the Description field contained html markup with the term <br />. I didn’t want all these to become ‘bedroom’, so I got rid of them all first,

Desc with Bedroom

REGEXP_REPLACE(LOWER(REPLACE([Description],'<br />’, ‘ ‘)),’bedroom|br |bdrm|bed|bd|br, |br/|rooms’,’ Bedroom’)

Firstly, replace any occurence of <br /> with a space, then replace any occurrence of the text bedroom or br<space> or bdrm or bed or bd or br<comma> or br<forward slash> or rooms with the word Bedroom.

I basically added more options to the or statement (identified by the | separator), as I went on examining the descriptions that were left. Using the LOWER function meant that bedroom or Bedroom or BedRoom etc would all be covered with one option.

Then I attempted to extract the number of bedrooms or identify as a studio

Studio | Beds

IF CONTAINS(LOWER([Desc with Bedroom]), ‘studio’) THEN ‘Studio’
ELSEIF REGEXP_MATCH(LOWER([Desc with Bedroom]),’\d bedroom’) THEN REGEXP_EXTRACT(LOWER([Desc with Bedroom]),'(\d+) bedroom’)
ELSEIF REGEXP_MATCH(LOWER([Desc with Bedroom]),’\d bedroom’) THEN REGEXP_EXTRACT(LOWER([Desc with Bedroom]),'(\d+) bedroom’)
ELSEIF CONTAINS(LOWER([Desc with Bedroom]), ‘six bedroom’) THEN ‘6’
END

If the revised description contains the word ‘studio’ then assume its a Studio.

Else if the revised description contains a number (\d) followed by 2 spaces then the word ‘bedroom’ then extract the numbers (\d+) that occur before the word bedroom. The brackets around the \d+ is what is used to identify what bit of the matching pattern to extract… this is the bit that I didn’t really know about and why I couldn’t get things to work.

Else if the revised description contains a number (\d) followed by 3 spaces then the word ‘bedroom’ then extract the numbers (\d+) that occur before the word bedroom. This just happened to be another pattern that occurred and meant some records didn’t get picked up by the prior statement. There’s probably a better way of doing this in one statement…

Finally, if the revised description contains the text ‘six bedroom’ then assume the property has 6 rooms.

This logic seemed to get a match against every record although it’s not 100% accurate, but it was close enough given my struggles.

I then wanted to get the rooms grouped

Room Grouping

CASE [Studio | Beds]
WHEN ‘Studio’ THEN ‘Studio’
WHEN ‘1’ THEN ‘1 Bedroom’
WHEN ‘2’ THEN ‘2 Bedrooms’
WHEN ‘3’ THEN ‘3 Bedrooms’
WHEN ‘4’ THEN ‘4 Bedrooms’
ELSE ‘5 or more Bedrooms’
END

I planned to use this field as my filter, but in doing so the value listed alphabetically, so Studio ended up at the bottom of the list.

To resolve this I created a parameter which meant I could define the order I wanted :

pBedroomSelector

And then I created a new field to use for the filter

Filter Room

[pBedroomSelector] = ‘All’ OR
[pBedroomSelector] = [Room Grouping]

I could then add this onto the filter shelf of the sheets I needed to build, setting the value to True.

Building the Histogram

For this chart, we need to ‘bin’ the Price of each property into groups of $100 ranges. However if we use the built in ‘bin’ function, the field created can’t be referenced in other calculations, and I needed to do this. So instead I determined the ‘lower’ value of the range by

Price per Night Min

FLOOR([Price]/100) *100

Divide the price by 100, round down to the nearest whole integer (so 1.9 will round down to 1), then multiply the result by 100.

And given that, I can then calculate

Price per Night Max

[Price per Night Min]+100

I also created a ‘friendlier’ field to store the number of properties

# of Listings

COUNT([listings copy_listings copy])

which is just a reference to the auto generated field created when you connect to the data source.

With these I can plot the histogram

  • Price per Night Min on Columns (set to discrete, continuous)
  • # of Listings on Rows
  • Mark type of Bar
  • Size set to be Fixed with a width of 100
  • Filter Room on the Filter shelf, set to True.
  • Adjust the colour via the Colour shelf and set a white border
  • Show the pBedroomSelector parameter
  • Add Price per Night Max to the Tooltip shelf and set to be an attribute.
  • Set the Tooltip accordingly and format gridlines, axes labels etc

Adding the Average Price

I wasn’t entirely sure what the average price on Candra’s solution represented, so I chose to go for the average price of the properties in the filtered selection; that is of all the 2-bedroom properties for example, find the average price per night, based on the total price per night of all the properties divided by the number of properties. ie I was looking for these values in the 3rd column.

But I couldn’t simply add the Price field aggregated to Avg to the bar chart. Doing so gave me different values per Price per Night Min grouping.

I just want the value on the grand total line spread across the all the data in the chart. So I created

Window Avg Price

WINDOW_SUM(SUM([Price])) / WINDOW_SUM([# of Listings])

This table calculation, set to compute by Price per Night Min gives the value I want across all rows of data

Add Window Avg Price to the Detail shelf of the histogram, set the calc to compute as above. Then you can add a reference line to the Price per Night Min axis.

Building the Map

To build maps you need fields that are geographic data types. For me, the Longitude field was already set, but I had to manually set the Latitude field (right click -> Geographic Role -> Latitude).

Once done, the map could be quickly built by double-clicking the Longitude field, then double clicking the Latitude field, then adding Name and Listing URL to the Detail shelf, and Price to the Tooltip shelf. Finally set Filter Room = True to the Filter shelf.

I then adjusted the colour of the circles, reduced the opacity to 50% and added a border (all via the Colour shelf).

I also added Area Code Boundaries via the Map -> Map Layers menu to get the map style Candra had used.

Adding the Interactivity

Add the 2 sheets to a dashboard. Each chart can be used to filter each other. This functionality can easily be added by clicking on the context menu of the dashboard object, and selecting Use as Filter. A filter dashboard action will automatically be added. Do this for both charts.

The final requirement, is for a link to the actual listing to be available from the map tooltip. This is a dashboard URL Action (Dashboard -> Actions -> Add Action -> Go to URL). Set as below

The words in the Name field will what is displayed on the tooltip.

The layout requires use of containers, background colours and a bit of padding. This is typically a bit of trial and error to get this right. You can check out my published version here.

Happy vizzin’! Stay Safe!

Donna

Regional Sales Readout

The challenge this week from Ann Jackson was all about map layers, a feature introduced in v 2020.4. As an extra twist Ann specified that you couldn’t use table calculations or LoDs, and that the viz should all be on a single sheet.

The key features of this challenge are

  • display the map segmented by region
  • colour the borders of each region with different colours
  • display the cities sized by sales
  • display sales per region
  • on hover of a city, display city sales, city name and % of regional sales

Display the map segmented by region

Maps work with geographic data types, so to split map by Region, the field needs to be converted to this type. To do this, right click on Region > Geographic Role > Create From > State

Double clicking on Region should automatically create a map visual. Change the mark type to filled map, and you’ll see the region boundaries.

Strip off all the background & labels etc via the Map > Map Layers menu. Uncheck all the options on the right hand side.

Set the colour of the map to grey (via the Colour shelf), then set the background of the worksheet to a darker grey/black. Remove row & column dividers.

Colour the borders of each region with different colours

On the colour shelf, you can set a border colour, but this is a fixed single colour, not one that can be associated to a field. This is where the map layers start to come in.

We need to create a layer per region.

To start we need a calculated field

West Region

IF [Region]=’West’ THEN [Region] END

This should still be a geographic role (if it hasn’t got a globe symbol next to it, then make it geographic as you did above).

Drag this field onto the map, and drop it on the Add a Marks Layer symbol that displays. A new West Region marks card will display. Change the mark type to filled map.

Now on the Colour shelf, reduce the opacity to 0. Change the border colour to #7ec886, and the halo to None.

Finally, and this is the really sneaky bit that took me some time to figure out, right click on the Null on the legend on the right hand side, and Hide. Only the West region now has the coloured border.

Repeat these same steps for the Central (#82d7d6), East (#b6b6dd) and South (#fd8b59) regions.

A final step at this point is to turn off tooltips across all 5 layers. Also, we don’t want the regions ‘highlighting’ as you hover the mouse over the map, so on each layer, disable selection

Display the cities sized by sales

Drag the City field onto the map, and drop it to create another layer. Drag State onto the Detail shelf of the City marks card (as there are some cities that are associated to different states).

Add Sales to Size and adjust accordingly.

Add Region to Colour, and reduce the Opacity to suit. Remove tooltips from displaying.

Display sales per region

Add another layer by dragging Region onto the map again. Change the mark type to Text. Add Sales to the Text shelf. Format appropriately. Set Disable Selection on the layer.

Good practice, rename the layer to Sales Text or similar.

On hover of a city, display city sales, city name and % of regional sales

For this we need to store a selected city, and we’ll use sets to do this. I did this by right-clicking on one of the cities in the viz, and choosing Create Set. Rename the set Selected City.

We can now work out the value of the Sales for this city, and the % of sales.

Selected City Sales

IF [Selected City] THEN [Sales] END

format to $ 0dp

% Total Sales

SUM([Selected City Sales])/SUM([Sales])

format to % 1dp.

Add these onto the Text shelf of the Sales Text marks card and format.

Now we want to add the City Name, some other additional text.

Selected City Name

IF [Selected City] THEN [City] END

However, if you add this field to the Text shelf, the marks move and things go a bit crazy.

I had to ponder about this for a long time, and I can’t explain why it does it. However it didn’t happen when I added measures (green pills) to the Text shelf. So I converted the field to a measure by editing the field and changing it to

Selected City Name

MIN(IF [Selected City] THEN [City] END)

Adding this to the Text shelf and the text stayed where it was.

A further calculated field is required, which is simply

Selected City Sub Text

MIN(IF [Selected City] THEN ‘OF REGION TOTAL’ END)

Add this and adjust the text.

So now we have the text showing, we need to make it change based on hover.

Add the map to a dashboard, then add a set action (Dashboard > Action > Add Action > Change Set Values)

Set the properties as below, and then test the interactivity by hovering over different cities.

Hopefully that’s everything you need to complete this challenge. The borders and the ‘moving marks’ certainly caused me sometime of puzzlement, but it is a very satisfying feeling when you get that ‘lightbulb’ moment. My published viz is here.

Happy vizzin’! Stay Safe!

Donna

Can you hide a chart in map layers?

Candra set the challenge this week to use the new map layers to build a map display which, on click of a country, filtered the display to that country and additionally displayed a donut chart indicating the percentage of urban dwellers in that country.

If map layers are very new to you, then the webinar by Adam McCann referenced in the challenge, has some VERY useful pointers for this challenge (the workbook for that can be downloaded from here, as I found some things needed closer inspection).

I think this challenge is going to be best described by walking through the steps.

Building the 1st map layer

Double-Click on Country/Region to load a map, and change the mark type to (filled) Map. Add Region to the Colour shelf and assign the appropriate colours. Adjust the map background via the Map -> Map Layers menu and set the Style to dark, and remove all the selections against the Map Layers list

The intention is when a country is selected the map will ‘drill into’ /filter that country, and display additional information. We will drive this by a parameter, which will get set via a parameter action, but for now we’ll manually set the value.

Create a new string parameter, that is default to nothing/empty string/ ”, and then show this on your sheet.

pSelectedCountry

We need the 1st layer of the map to display, when there is no value in the parameter. We need a calculated field to help drive this.

All Countries

IF [pSelectedCountry]=” THEN [Country/Region] END

By default this will create a field of type ‘string’ but we need it to be a geographic data type. so change this as below.

Add this field to the Detail shelf of the map, and remove the Country/Region field that was automatically added when we first built the map.

Enter the name of a country, eg China, into the parameter. The map should essentially go blank (black screen).

Building the 2nd map layer

We need the country to display, if it’s entered into the parameter. For this, we need another calculated field

Selected Country

IF [pSelectedCountry]=[Country/Region] THEN [Country/Region] END

Once again change this to a geographic role data type of type County/Region.

Next click and drag this field onto the map, and drop it onto the Add Marks Layer option that displays. This will create a new Selected Country marks card, although nothing will obviously change on the map display itself.

Move the Selected Country pill to be on the Detail shelf instead, and add Region onto the Colour shelf. Change the mark type from circle to Map.

Now if you enter a county into the parameter, eg China, the display should ‘filter’ & ‘zoom in’ on China.

So what we have is the 1st layer only showing when no countries have been selected, and vice versa, the 2nd layer only showing when a country has been selected.

We need to now add further layers for the donut chart, which only want to show the country has been selected as well.

Building the 3rd map layer

A donut chart, in the past, is traditionally created by building a pie chart, then using a dual axis to add a circle, sized smaller that the pie chart, on top (see this Tableau KB for info). Rather than a dual axis, we’re going to use map layers – 1 layer for the pie chart, and then another layer for the central circle.

Keeping a country selected (so we can see what we’re building), drag Selected Country onto the map again to create another map layer. Change the mark type to Pie and increase the Size to as large as possible. Move Selected Country to Detail.

In the data set we have a field called Population Urban which stores the ‘percentage’ value of urban dwellers eg 0.17 is 17%. To create the angles for the pie chart, we need to know

Population Non-Urban

1-[Population Urban]

Drag Measure Values onto the Angle shelf. This will automatically add Measure Names to the Filter shelf. Edit the filter to just select the Population Urban and Population Non-Urban measures. Drag the Measure Names field that was also automatically added to the Detail shelf, to the Colour shelf. Adjust colours accordingly, and set the border of the pie chart to white (under the Colour shelf options).

Verify that if you set the parameter to empty again, the whole world map displays, and you can’t see any pie charts.

Building the 4th map layer

Now we need to make the donut hole. Once again, ensure a country is selected, so your pie chart is visible, then drag Selected Country onto the map again, and drop to add another map layer.

This time, move the Selected Country field onto the Detail shelf, add Region to the Colour shelf, and adjust the size of the circle, so its smaller than the pie. Set the border of the circle to be white again too,

Add Population Urban onto the Label shelf, and format to a percentage with 0 dp. The best way to do this, is to format the Population Urban measure in the data pane (right click->default properties -> number format).

At this point you’ll notice the number is huge… we need to add Year to the Filter shelf, and select 2012.

Align the label to be middle centre, and adjust the font to be much bigger text. Add ‘urban dwellers’ underneath.

Once again, verify you get the expected behaviour as you change the values in the parameter from nothing to Russia or China etc.

The final step on this sheet is to add text to the Tooltips. Unlike when working with dual axis, you don’t have an All marks card, so you’ll need to add the required fields (Country/Region, Region, Population Total (formatted to Millions with 0dp), Population Urban to the Tooltip shelf on each of the relevant layers.

Setting the parameter interactively

Create a dashboard sheet, and add the map sheet you’ve built. Then create a dashboard action which sets the pSelectedCountry parameter, impacting the All Countries field, and that when the selection is cleared, the value is reset to ”.

My published viz is available here. Enjoy!

Happy vizzin’! Stay Safe!

Donna

Can you use map layers to show profit at state and city levels?

It was Sean Miller’s turn to present this week’s #WOW2021 challenge, and one of the common features of Sean’s challenges is to utilise new features of Tableau. So for this challenge, you’re going to need v2020.4 (or higher if you’re reading this in a few months time 🙂 )

The core components of this challenge are relatively basic, and I am therefore making assumptions you know how to build a map and a bar chart. The focus for this will be on

  • Create the layered map
  • Sizing the circles (cities)
  • Colouring the circles (cities)
  • Removing interactivity on the states
  • Colouring the Profit on the Tooltip
  • Hover action from bar to cities

Create the layered map

Start by building out a basic filled map (double click State, then double click Profit and move Profit to the Colour shelf – if a map of the US doesn’t appear, you’ll need to edit locations via the Map -> Edit Locations option). Change the Profit colour legend to be red-black diverging, and set the centre point to 0. Remove all the map ‘features’, via the Map -> Map Layers option.

Then drag the City field onto the map, and when the Add a Marks Layer option appears, drop the field onto the ‘layer’ icon.

This will create a marks card for each field on the layers – one for City and one for State

Note if you get an indicator on the lower right of the map that suggests there’s multiple ‘unknown’ cities, click on the indicator to Edit Locations and make sure the State field is mapped to State.

Sizing the circles (cities)

The City layer needs to be sized based on Profit, so drag this field to the Size shelf of the City marks card. By default this will size from small to large with the smallest value being the lowest Profit value

But in the solution, you’ll see Profit is sized based on its ‘absolute’ value, ie -13,000 should be the same size as +13,000.

This was the last thing I actually resolved when building this viz, as it isn’t anything I’ve seen before. I knew it couldn’t be something too tricky, due to the nature of the current set of challenges, so I had a bit of google and discovered it’s just a case of setting the Sizes vary option to be From zero. You might need to the adjust the slider on the Size shelf itself to get the circles at an appropriate size

Colouring the circles (cities)

Create a calculated field

Profit is +ve?

SUM([Profit])>=0

which will return true or false and add this to the Colour shelf of the City marks card. Colour accordingly, and add a grey border to the circles (setting on the Colour shelf).

Removing interactivity on the states

As you move your mouse over the map, you’ll see the borders of the states are ‘selected’. To remove this, click the arrow next to the title of the State marks card, and choose Disable Selection.

As an additional step, remove the tooltips from showing on the State marks card.

Colouring the Profit on the Tooltip

The tooltip displays +ve profit in black and -ve profit in red. For this you’ll need two calculated fields, one to store the profit value only when it’s positive, and one to store the profit value only when it’s negative.

+ve Profit

IF [Profit +ve?] THEN SUM([Profit]) END

-ve Profit

IF NOT([Profit +ve?]) THEN SUM([Profit]) END

Add both these fields to the Tooltip shelf of the City marks card, then ensure they sit side by side in the tooltip text. Colour the text accordingly.

Hover action from bar to cities

When the 2 charts are on the dashboard, add a dashboard Highlight action to run on Hover from the Bar sheet to the Map sheet

Hopefully this has covered all the key points of this challenge. My published viz is here.

Happy vizzin’! Stay Safe!

Donna

Can you show the top 10 products for each state?

For this week’s #WOW2020 challenge, Sean Miller stripped things right back and went ‘back to basics’.

This blog should be brief as I’m only going to touch on the bits that I think some people might find a little tricky.

The Map Colours

Use the Red-Black Diverging colour palette, centred at 0 to ensure the colours match exactly (this is most noticeable on the Viz in Tooltip table if it’s not centred at 0).

Map Background

On the Map -> May Layers menu, ensure all the items under the Map Layers section are unchecked

Seaboard States

I used the MIN(1) on the Columns shelf and fixed the axis from 0-1 to fill it up.

Top 10 Products

Orders Count

I dragged Order ID into the ‘measures’ section (below the line on the left hand pane if you’re using later versions of Tableau), and chose the COUNTD aggregation. When I added this to the table, I then changed the alias of the field and called it ‘Orders’

Top 10

Add Product Name to the Filter shelf and select the Top tab.

Colouring the columns

This uses the Legend Per Measure functionality. Add Measure Values to the Colour shelf and select the Use Separate Legends option

This will add 3 colour legends onto the canvas. Set the colours of the Profit measure to the Red – Black diverging as with the map.

For the other 2 legends select any diverging colour palette, then click on the coloured square at each end, and select white from the palette displayed. Change the stepped colour to 2, and you’ll find that the measures now don’t look like they actually have a background colour.

Viz in Tooltip

When adding the sheet as a tooltip, I adjusted the size to 500×350

<Sheet name=”Top 10 Products” maxwidth=”500″ maxheight=”350″ filter=”<All Fields>”>

The size of the Top 10 Products sheet should be set to Entire View to ensure you don’t get a ‘View is too large to display’ message on the tooltip

Getting the Top 10 filtered properly

Once the viz has been added as a ‘viz in tooltip’ a State related filter pill will automatically be added to the Filter shelf of the the Top 10 Products sheet. To ensure the top 10 products gets filtered by the state BEFORE the top 10 products by sales are identified, the filter needs to be Added to Context

Arranging on the Dashboard

I managed to tile all the items, except for the ‘Eastern Seaboard States’ title which I floated.

My published viz is here.

Happy vizzin’! Stay Safe!

Donna