Can you build a comet chart as an alternative to a side by side bar chart?

In the final week of ‘alternative charts month’, Luke set this challenge as different way of presenting data that you might typically see in a side-by-side bar chart.

Luke had indicated on the #WOW splash screen, that this challenge was ‘easy’, but that’s always dependent on your level of Tableau. He also added a note in the requirements that if you wanted to be ‘advanced’ to solve it with Table Calcs only.

I figured I’d just start and see what I ended up with (sometimes, my natural brain thinking takes me down a table calc route..)

In a change to my usual starting point, I started trying to remember what I needed to do to get the comet… I felt pretty sure that path would be involved somewhere.

So, I added Order Date to the Filter shelf and filtered to years 2021 and 2022 only.

Then I added Sub-Category to Rows, Sales to Columns and Order Date (which defaulted to YEAR(Order Date)) to Detail. I changed the mark type to circle initially.

Ok – I had what I was expecting – 2 circles per row, one for each year.

So then I change the mark type to line and moved YEAR([Order Date]) from Detail to Path. This meant my lines were joined.

I then added Order Date to Size, and reset Order Date to be at the YEAR level. Hey presto! My comet shapes appeared.

I now wanted to show a white circle mark just for the 2022 sales, so I created

Max Year Sales LOD

{FIXED [Sub-Category]:SUM(IF YEAR([Order Date]) = {FIXED:MAX(YEAR([Order Date]))} THEN [Sales] END)}

this looks a bit long-winded ( I do usually break this up)… so let’s review what’s going on…

{FIXED:MAX(YEAR([Order Date]))} returns the latest year in the data set (ie 2022) and spreads that across every row of data. So the formula is comparing each row, and if the Order Date year matches 2022, the value of the Sales is returned. This is then all aggregated and totalled for each Sub-Category.

Add this field to Columns, make dual axis and synchronise axis.

Remove Measure Names from the All marks card and change the mark type of the Max Years Sales LOD card to circle. Colour white.

Remove the YEAR([Order Date]) pill from the Size shelf of the Max Years Sales LOD card, so the size of the comet (the Sales card) and the circle can be adjusted independently. Adjust the sizes enough so the comet is visible around the circle.

Sort the Sub-Category field by Max Year Sales LOD descending

Next we need to colour the comets based on whether Sales increased or decreased.

Prev Year Sales LOD

{FIXED [Sub-Category]: SUM( IF YEAR([Order Date]) = {FIXED:MAX(YEAR([Order Date]))} -1 THEN [Sales] END)}

is doing similar to the above calculation, but {FIXED:MAX(YEAR([Order Date]))} -1 returns 2021 instead.

and with this we can created

Sales Increased? LOD

[Max Year Sales LOD] > [Prev Year Sales LOD]

Add this to the Colour shelf of the Sales marks card, and adjust accordingly.

To label the comets, check the show mark labels checkbox on the Label shelf dialog, and set to line ends and label end of line. You may need to check the allow labels to overlap option too if you’re not seeing all the labels.

The dashboard shows a circular size legend which is related to the circle mark, so I created

Order Date (Years)

YEAR([Order Date])

and added this to the Size shelf of the Max Year Sales LOD marks card.

Add Sales to the Tooltip shelf of the Max Year Sales LOD marks card too and adjust the tooltips.

Add row dividers, and remove all column dividers, gridlines and axis. Adjust the formatting of the Sub-Category row labels and hide the column title. Set the background of the worksheet to a grey colour.

And so that ended up being the LOD version of the chart, which is accessible from here.

But I had time, so I figured I’d see if I could crack the Table calcs version…

Building the Table Calculation Solution

This starts by repeating the intial steps above to get a basic single axis comet chart for Sales, split by Year.

We now need to get the sales for 2022 only. For starters, let’s identify the latest year

Latest Year


and let’s build up a table, so we can start to sense check what’s going on, as table calcs can be pesky!

Our Latest Year table calc is returning 2022 for every row in our table. To get the sales just for 2022

Window Max Year Sales

WINDOW_MAX(IF MIN(YEAR([Order Date]))=[Latest Year] THEN SUM([Sales]) END)

if the order date year is 2022, then return Sales (otherwise null) and spread the maximum value across the rows. When we add this into the table, we need to set the table calculation to compute using Year or Order Date, so that it is calculating the WINDOW_MAX for each Sub-Category

Add this field to Columns on the comet chart, and adjust the table calculation so Window Max Year Sales is computing by Year of Order Date only, and Latest Year by both fields (see the Nested Calculations dropdown)

Make the chart dual axis, and synchronise the axis. Make the adjustments to the mark types and sizes as described above.

We can’t sort the Sub-Category field in the way we did above, as table calculation fields aren’t accessible in the sort dialog. Instead add Window Max Year Sales to Rows and change it to be discrete (blue pill) and move it to be in front of Sub_Category. Adjust the table calc settings to match that described above. This should make the chart sort ascending.

To reverse, double click into the blue Window Max Year Sales pill on Rows and add * -1 to the end

Annoyingly this will revert it back to a measure, so reapply the steps above, and you should end up with a correctly sorted display. Hide the Window Max Year Sales blue pill.

Now to colour the comet.

Back to the tabular view. Add a Difference quick table calculation to the Sales pill and edit the table calculation to compute using Year(Order Date) only.

Drag the Sales pill with the difference table calc from the Measure Values section and drop into the left hand data pane. This will create a dedicated instance of the calculation. Rename it to

Sales Diff – TC

ZN(SUM([Sales])) – LOOKUP(ZN(SUM([Sales])), -1)

If you examine it, it should contain the above calculation.

With this we can then work out if sales have increased or not

Sales Increased? TC

WINDOW_MAX(IF [Sales Diff – TC] > 0 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)

Adding this into the table, and setting the nested table calcs to both compute by Year Order Date, you can see that the values for each Sub-Category are either 1 or 0.

Add this to the Colour shelf of the Sales marks card. Make sure the field is discrete and the table calcs are set to compute by Year Order Date. Adjust the colours.

Finally make adjustments for the tooltip and adjust the formatting to clean up the chart. My table calc version of the viz is here.

Happy vizzin’!



Interactive Proportional Brushing

For her final challenge of #WOW2022, Erica set this interesting challenge; to show how the sales of the top n Products within each Sub-Category compared against the total sales. An added twist was to flip the display between actual sales, and % of total.

It did take me a short while to get my starting point. When I’ve worked with the concept of proportional brushing before, it’s typically involved set actions and one viz driving the interactivity on another viz via a dashboard action. I didn’t have this. I’ve obviously come up with a solution, but I’m not sure if it’s overly complicated… it doesn’t seem it, but for some reason I feel it could have been simpler than I’ve made it. Only time will tell as I check out other solutions.

My solution involves table calcs, so as I do with many challenges, I’ll start by building out all the data I need in tabular form.

Defining the calculated fields

Start off by adding Sub-Category to Rows, Product Name to Rows and Sales into Text and sort descending. We want to identify the Product Names in the top n, so lets first rank the products per sub-category. Create a calculated field

Sales Rank


Make it a discrete field, then add it to Rows between Sub-Category and Product Name. Set the table calculation to compute using Product Name.

The rows should be numbered from 1 upwards, and restart at 1 when the Sub-Category changes

We want to get the sum of the sales for all those products in the top n. We’ll use a parameter to identify the n


Integer parameter defaulted to 10

Then we’ll use another table calculation to get the sum of the sales in that top n

Sales in Top n

WINDOW_SUM(IF [Sales Rank]<=[pTop] THEN SUM([Sales]) END)

If the Sales Rank is less than or equal to the top parameter, then get the Sales for that row, then sum all the sales values up together.

Show the parameter on screen, and add Sales in Top n into the table, setting the table calc to once again compute using by Product Name.

You should see that the sum of the sales for the rows marked 1-10 should equate to the value in the Sales in Top n column for the Sub-Category

We also need to get the total sales for each Sub-Category, which we can do with

Sub Cat Sales

{FIXED [Sub-Category]: SUM([Sales])}

Format to $ with 0 dp and displayed in k.

With this , we can also determine the proportion of sales

Top n % of Total

[Sales in Top n]/SUM([Sub Cat Sales])

Format this to a % with 0 dp.

Add both these fields to the table, making sure the table calcs are set to compute using Product Name.

So now we’ve got the base fields that form the building blocks for the viz. But we have this added functionality where we want to show either actual values (ie Sales in Top n and Sub Cat Sales), or we want to show the Top n % of Total compared to the ‘whole’ ie 1.

To manage this, we first need the parameter to control the decision


integer list parameter set to 0 or 1, with appropriate display values. and defaulted to Sales Value

We can then build

Measure 1 to Display

CASE [pView]
WHEN 0 THEN [Sub Cat Sales]


Measure 2 to Display

CASE [pView]
WHEN 0 THEN [Sales in Top n]
ELSE [Top n % of Total]

Pop these into the table and show the pView parameter. Test changing the parameter and see the results. Don’t worry that the % shows 0.. you can format the Measure 2 to Display field to show 2 dp if you want to see the data really changing.

Building the bar chart

On a new sheet, add Sub-Category to Rows, Product Name to Detail and Measure 1 to Display to Columns.

Drag the Measure 2 to Display field onto the Measue 1 to Display axis, and release when the 2 green columns symbol appears

Set the Measure 2 to Display field to compute using Product Name, then move Measure Names from Rows to Colour, and adjust the colours. Ensure Measure 2 to Display is listed first in the colour legend, so the marks are on top. Set stack marks to off (Analysis menu -> Stack marks -> off) to make the bars a single block, rather than being split per Product.

Switch the view parameter to change the display and verify it behaves as expected

Add the Top n % of Total field to Rows and change to be discrete (blue). Ensure the field is set to compute by Product Name still.

Create a new field

Label to Display

CASE [pView]
WHEN 0 THEN [Sub Cat Sales]

Format this to $ with 0 dp and displayed in k. Add this to the Label shelf

Add Sub Cat Sales to the Tooltip shelf and then adjust the tooltip to match.

The final step (other than formatting) is to apply the sorting. Create a new field


CASE [pView]
WHEN 0 THEN SUM([Sub Cat Sales]) * -1

ELSE [Top n % of Total] *-1

Make this field discrete and then add to Rows in front of the Sub-Category pill. You should now find the bars are being sorted descended depending on the view being displayed

Finally, tidy everything up – Uncheck show header on both the Sort and Measure Values pills. Hide field labels for rows to remove the column headings. Change the font size/format of the first two columns, and adjust the colour of the bar label. Remove all gridlines, column banding etc.

Finally add to a dashboard. I used a horizontal container, text boxes and padding to build up the parameter selections at the top. My published viz is here.

Happy vizzin’!


Can you label & sort small multiples?

A colourful #WOW2022 challenge this week set by Kyle Yetter and using his favourite data – Baseball. Let’s jump straight in.

Building the required calculations

First up we need to calculate the core measure the viz is based on – % of wins

Win %


I formatted this to 3 decimal places, then applied a custom number format to remove the leading 0 (custom number format looks like ,##.000;-#,##.000).

We also need to know the number of losses as this is part of the tooltip.


SUM([Games]) – SUM([Wins])

Let’s pop all these out into a table (I formatted all the whole numbers to display without any decimal places).

The viz however isn’t plotting the actual Win%, it’s plotting the difference from 50% (or 0.5), so values less than 50% are negative and those above are positive.

Plot Postion

[Win %] – 0.5

And we also need to know whether the Win% is above 50% or not

Above 50%

[Win %]>0.5

Pop these out onto the table too

The viz also displays the overall Win% for each team, and also uses this to sort the data. As it is used for sorting, we need to use an LoD calculation (rather than a table calculation).

Overall Win% LOD

{FIXED [Team]:SUM([Wins])} / {FIXED [Team]: SUM([Games])}

for each team, get the total wins, and divide by the total games for the team. Format this to 3 dp with no leading 0 as before.

pop this into the view (you’ll see it’s the same value for each row for a single team), and then apply a Sort on the Team field to sort descending by the Overeall Win% LOD.

Now we have the data sorted, we can create the fields needed to build the trellis chart.

I have already blogged challenges relating to trellis charts / small multiples (see here) which in turn reference other blogs in the community, so I’m not going to go into all the details. We just need to build two calculated fields to identify which row and which column each Team will sit in. The table is fixed at 6 columns wide as the data wea re using is static. Some solutions work with a more dynamic layout depending on how many entities you need to display. We’re keeping things simpler.





Add both these fields to the table as discrete dimensions (blue pills), and as they are both table calculations, set them both to Compute Using – > Team.

Building the Core Viz

On a new sheet, add Cols to Columns as discrete dimension, Rows to Rows as discrete dimension and Team to Detail. Set both Rows and Cols to Compute Using Team.

Add Year as continuous (green) pill to Columns and Plot Position to Rows and change the mark type to Bar and reduce the size. Sort the Team field based on Overall Win% LOD descending.

Add Wins, Losses, and Win% to the Tooltip shelf and adjust the tooltip to display as required. Add Above 50% to the Colour shelf (you may need to readjust the size). Leave the colours as they are for now – we’ll deal with this later.

Adding the labels

Create a new calculated field

Dummy Plot

FLOAT(IF [Year]=2000 OR Year = 2020 THEN 0.35 END)

This is basically going to position a mark at height 0.35 but only if the year is either 2000 or 2020. These values were all just based on a bit of trial and error as to what worked to get the desired result.

Also create a field


IF [Year]=2000 THEN [Team] END



IF [Year]=2020 THEN [Overall Win % LOD] END

format this to 3dp and exclude the leading 0.

Add Dummy Plot onto Rows and change the mark type of this measure to circle. Amend the Tooltip of this marks card so it’s empty.

Add LABEL:TEAM and LABEL:Win% to the Label shelf, and adjust the label so both fields sit side by side (only 1 value will only ever actually display). Adjust the table calculation of both the Rows and Cols pills so they now compute using both the Team and the LABEL:Team fields.

Adjust the alignment of the labels so they are positioned bottom centre. Set the font colour to match mark colour and bold.

Then reduce the size of the circle mark to as small as possible, reduce the opacity of the mark colour to 0.

Now make the chart dual axis and synchronise the axis. Remove the Measure Names field that has automatically been added to the All marks card.

Hide all the headers and axis (uncheck Show Header), remove all grid lines, zero line, axis rulers.

Hide the null indicator (bottom right).

Colouring by Team

Copy the colour palette text Kyle provided into your preferences.tps file (usually located in the My Tableau Repository directory). For more information on working with custom colour palettes see thisย Tableau help article.

You’ll need to save your workbook and re-open for the new palette to be available for use.

In order to prevent having to manually set all the colours (and believe me you don’t want to do this!), perform the following steps in order

  • Add Team to also be on the Colour shelf. Click on the 3 dots (…) that are to the left of the Team pill on the All marks card, and change it to Colour. This means there are now 2 fields on colour. Move the Team field so it is listed above the Above 50% pill. This means your colour legend should be listed as <Team>, <True|False>
  • Adjust the Sort of the Above 50% pill, so it is manually sorted to list True before False.

  • Now change the Sort on the Team field so it is sorted alphabetically ascending instead. This will cause the viz to change its sort order, but don’t worry for now. It also changes the list on the colour legend, so ARI, True is listed first then ARI, False etc.

  • Now edit the Colour Legend and select the new MLB Team Colours palette we added. Click the Assign Palette button to automatically assign the colours. As we’ve made sure the entries listed are in the right order, they should get the correct colours.

  • Change the Sort on the Team field back to be based on Overall Win% LOD descending

And that should be it. You can now add the viz to a dashboard and publish. My published version is here.

Happy vizzin’!


Prep that and build this!

It’s a double whammy this week – a #PreppinData & #WOW2022 combo! And I’m going to attempt to blog a solution guide to both! Wish me luck… it may take some time!

The #PreppinData & #WOW2022 crew combined with the requirement to prep some Salesforce data with Tableau Prep as per the challenge here, and to then use the output to visualise in Tableau Desktop as per the challenge here.

Prepping the Data

Two files were provided for the input: Opportunity provided 1 row per opportunity, and Opportunity History providing multiple rows per Opportunity, where each row indicated the stage in the lifecycle the opportunity goes through.

The first requirement was to pivot the Opportunity data, to get 2 rows per Opportunity; 1 indicating the date opened, and the other indicating the date closed (or expected to be closed).

After connecting to the Opportunity date and adding a Clean step to view the contents, add a Pivot step to transform Columns to Rows, adding the CloseDate and CreatedDate fields to the pivot.

Before adding any further steps, rename Pivot1 Names to Stage and rename Pivot1 Values to Date.

Add a Clean Step.

Change the CloseDate value in the Stage field to be renamed to ExpectedCloseDate, and the change the CreatedDate value in the Stage field to be renamed to Opened. To do this, simply double click on the value and type in.

We then need to further update this field, based on whether the Opportunity record is closed or not. The requirement said to refer to the StageName field for this, even though there is an IsClosed field. I chose to stick with the requirements.

Create a calculated field


IF CONTAINS([StageName], ‘Closed’) AND [Stage]=’ExpectedCloseDate’ THEN [StageName] ELSE [Stage] END

Having applied this logic, your Stage field should now contain 4 values rather than 2.

Then remove all fields except for Date, Stage, Id and StageName, and rename the step Opportunity.

We now need to combine with the OpportunityHistory data. This data contains a row for each stage the Oppotrunity goes through. What we’re looking to do is to supplement this with a Stage = Opened record, and, in the event the opportunity hasn’t been closed, a Stage = ExpectedCloseDate record.

For this we’ll need a Union step.

Add in the OpportunityHistory data, and add a Clean step. Rename this step to History. To help with the union step, rename the CreatedDate field to Date. In the Opportunity step above, rename Id to OppID.

Add a Union step to the Opportunity path. Then drag History and add it to the Union. Add a Clean step and view the data. If the renaming worked ok, you should have 6 fields.

Update the SortOrder field by creating a new calculated field


If [Stage]=’Opened’ THEN 0
ELSEIF [Stage]=’ExpectedCloseDate’ THEN 11
ELSE [SortOrder] END

Update the Stage fields for those which have null records.


IF ISNULL([Stage]) THEN [StageName] ELSE [Stage] END

All the records with SortOrder = null are actually duplicates now, as we have them captured as part of the pivoting step we did initially. All these records can therefore be excluded (click on the null value in the SortOrder field, right click and Exclude).

Now remove the redundant fields of Table Naems, Stage Name, and you should be left with 4 columns and 876 rows of data, which you can output to csv or similar.

Building the Viz

Now we’ve got the data sorted, we can build the viz. If you haven’t done the PreppinData challenge, you will need to download the Opportunity.csv input file and the provided Output.csv files from the website.

Modelling the data

In Tableau Desktop, connect to the file generated in the above process (or download the output file from the PreppinData site if you haven’t built your own). My file was called 2022_06_08_SalesOpps.csv.

Then add an additional connection to the Opportunity.csv file you used in the Prep challenge (or again download from the PreppinData site).

Add a relationship from Opp ID to Id

Building the Open Opportunities chart

We need to work out what Lorna has used to identify an ‘open’ opportunity. After a bit of trial and error, I discovered it was any opportunity that had an ExpectedCloseDate stage. To identify these, create a new calculated field

Has Expected Close Date Stage

{FIXED [Opp ID]: SUM(IF [Stage]= ‘ExpectedCloseDate’ THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)}

This will return the value 1 against all the rows for an Opp ID which have an ExpectedCloseDate Stage, and 0 for those that don’t.

As you can see below, all the rows for the 1st two Opp IDs listed are flagged with 1 as they have at least 1 stage which is ExpectedCloseDate. For the other Opp IDs listed, they are all 0.

Right click this field and drag to the Filter shelf. When you release the mouse, choose the All values option from the dialog displayed, then Next

Then select 1 to filter the sheet just to the the Opportunity records we care about.

Add Opp ID and Name to Rows. Add Date to Columns as a continuous exact date (green pill).

Change the mark type to Circle and add the Stage field to Colour, and adjust accordingly using the relevant colour palette.

To add the grey lozenge marks, add another instance of Date next to itself. This will create a second marks card called Date2. Remove the Stage field from the Colour.

Change the mark type of the Date2 card to line, and adjust the colour to a light grey and the size to be a bit larger.

Make this chart dual axis and synchronise the axis. Move the lozenge marks ‘to the back’ (right click on the top axis and move marks to back.

We need to identify those with a Close Date in the past. For the purposes of this exercise, I hardcoded ‘today’ into a parameter pToday and set it to 8th June 2022. Otherwise in a ‘live’ situation I would refer to the TODAY() function rather than the parameter.

Past Close Date?

IF [Close Date]<[pToday] THEN ‘โ—’ ELSE ” END

I use this site to get the circle mark.

Add this field to the Rows before the Opp ID field. You won’t get the symbol against every row, but don’t worry about that just yet. Format this circle to be right aligned and red font.

Now we need to mange the sorting. Firstly create a new parameter


an integer containing values 1 and 2, defaulted to 2 where the values displayed are aliased as below

To determine how long an opportunity has been open we need

Days Open

DATEDIFF(‘day’, [Created Date], [Close Date])

We then need a field to utilise this parameter and determine the measure we can use to sort

Sort By

CASE [pSortby]
WHEN 1 THEN SUM([Days Open]) * -1
ELSE INT(MIN([Close Date]))

If we’re sorting based on the Longest Open we’ll use the number of days the opportunity has been open. By default the data will ascend from smallest to largest value but we want the opposite, so we multiple by -1.

If we’re sorting based on the Close Date. then we can just use the Close Date field itself, converted into a integer.

Add Sort By to Rows , change it to be discrete (blue) and then move it to be the first pill on the Rows shelf. The data should now be reordered, and you’ll now get a red circle per row.

Add the pSortBy parameter to the sheet and test the sorting. Once happy, hide the Sort By field (right click and uncheck Show Header), then Hide Field Labels for Rows. Remove row & column dividers and make the first column narrow. You should now have your chart.

Building the legend

Lorna’s decided the legend should be circles rather than the ‘out of the box’ squares, so a custom sheet is required.

On a new sheet, add Sort Order discrete dimension (blue pill) and Stage to Rows. Add Stage to Filter and exclude Closed Lost and Closed Won. We’re going to need to organise these Stages into 2 rows and 3 columns, so we need some fields to help.

Row Index

IF [Sort Order] โค THEN 1 ELSE 2 END

Column Index

IF [Sort Order] = 0 OR [Sort Order] = 4 THEN 1
ELSEIF [Sort Order]=2 OR [Sort Order]= 8 THEN 2

Note I’m very much ‘hardcoding’ this as this is acceptable for this view I believe.

Add Row Index as discrete dimension to Rows and Column Index as discrete dimension to Columns, and move Stage to Label.

Type in FLOAT(MIN(0)) into Columns to create a fake axis. Change mark type to circle, and add Stage to Colour. Increase the width of each row if all your text isn’t showing.

Edit the axis so it is fixed to start at -0.1 and end at 0.5 – this will shift the circles to the left.

Uncheck Show Header against the Row Index, Column Index and the MIN(0) axis. Then remove all gridlines and row/column dividers. Turn off tooltips.

The Summary View

Now we need to work on the summary values at the top of the screen. We’re focussing on ‘open’ opportunities in the current month, which is June 2022 (based on the pToday parameter). We need Has Expected Close Date Stage = 1 on Filter, and to identify the current month we use

Is This Month?

DATETRUNC(‘month’, [Close Date]) = DATETRUNC(‘month’, [pToday])

Add this to Filter and set to True

Now let’s have closer look at the rows of data we’re got so far.

Add Opp ID, Sort Order (discrete dimension) and Stage to Rows and Amount to Text.

What we’re looking for is to aggregate the Amount by Stage, but if we remove the Opp ID and Sort Order fields, we don’t get the right values

This is because we’ve got multiple rows per Opp ID, so the value is counting in multiple Stages. We want to just limit the rows to the latest Stage before the ExpectedCloseDate stage.

First lets work out the maximum Sort Order value for each Opp ID that isn’t the Expected Close Date row (which has a Sort Order = 11).

Max Stage Sort Order

{FIXED [Opp ID]: MAX(IF [Sort Order]<=10 THEN [Sort Order] END)}

Add this to the tabular view as a discrete dimesion. Hopefully you can see from the image below that we’re getting the value we want.

Now let’s identify the matching row

Stage To Keep

[Sort Order] = [Max Stage Sort Order]

Add this to the Filter shelf and set to True.

Now if we remove Sort Order, Max Stage Sort Order and Stage from Rows, we get the correct summarised values.

Move Stage to Columns and add Stage to Text and Colour. Set to Fit Entire View. Align Text centred and remove all row/column dividers. Uncheck Show Header against the Stage field on Rows. Use the Colour Legend to manually sort the values into the correct order.

Update the sheet title.

Past Close Date

This is a bit simpler… add Past Close Date? to Filter and select โ—. Add Stage to Filter and select ExpectedCloseDate. Add Amount to Text and the auto generated field Opportunity.csv (Count) to Text.

Format the text and add a title, and you’re all done You just need to add everything to the dashboard now.

My published version is here.

Happy vizzin’!


Can you maintain rank?

Kyle set a challenge this week inspired by a chart Ann Jackson demoed at #data22 as part of her Advanced Speed Tips session with Lorna Brown. This was both an in person presentation and available virtually (hence the link to the video above). I couldn’t attend the in person session due to a clash, but I had already watched the session prior to this challenge being set, so I attempted to build from memory without referring back. To find out what to do, you can either watch Ann herself demonstrate via the link above, or read on ๐Ÿ™‚

Building the WAR chart

Build a basic bar chart by adding Name to Rows and WAR to Columns

Whilst we could sort the data at this point, we’re going to leave for now, as we want the ‘ranking’ field to define the sort.

Now rather than use the RANK table calculation option, the essence of this being included in a tipping session, is to utilise the INDEX table calculation instead. By using INDEX, we don’t need to create as many fields as if we used RANK. We can reuse the INDEX across all the charts.

So, let’s create that field



Format this to be a number with 0dp and prefixed by #

The INDEX() table calculation simply lists your rows or columns of data from 1 to however many entries there are. The Index can span the whole width/length of the table or can restart at intervals depending how you choose to partition/structure your table. You can also control how the data will be indexed based on how you want it sorted.

Add Index to Rows, then change it to be discrete (blue), and position in front of Name. Edit the table calculation setting so that it is computing using Name and is sorted by WAR descending.

We need to capture the name of a player, so we’ll create a parameter for this


String parameter defaulted to Ken Giffey Jr.

Show this parameter on the view.

We also need a field to identify whether the row matches the parameter

Is Selected Player?

[pSelectedPlayer] = [Name]

Add this to the Colour shelf and adjust accordingly.

Then re-edit the table calculation so it is computing by Is Selected Player as well.

Note – to prevent having to change the table calculation, the alternative is to make the Is Selected Player field on the Colour shelf an Attribute (just choose this setting from the context menu when you click on the pill).

Additionally add Is Selected Player to Rows before Index., the manually sort that field so True is listed first. This will move the relevant record to the top of the scree, but the rank number will be preserved.

Hide the Is Selected Player field (uncheck Show Header), and Hide Field Labels for Rows.

Adjust row dividers, so the divider is at level 1, and the header is dotted line, while the pane is solid.

Remove column gridlines, but add a column axis ruler.

Show mark labels, set them to be left aligned and the colour to match mark colour. You may need to widen the rows to see the labels display.

Add a border to the bars via the Colour shelf.

Format the Index and Name fields displayed – I used Tableau Regular font size 12, and right aligned the Index field.

Update the tooltip and add a header.

The final step, which we’ll do now, is to add a couple of fields to stop the rows from being highlighted when selected on the dashboard.

Create a field True = TRUE and False = FALSE, and add these fields to the Detail shelf.

Building the Batting Average chart

Create a basic bar chart with Name on Rows and BA on Columns. Add Is Selected Player to Colour and apply border.

Format the BA field using custom formatting of .000;-.000 then show mark labels, and left align and format as you did above.

Add Index to Rows, make discrete and move to be in front on Name. Adjust the table calculation to compute by Name and Is Selected Player and this time adjust the sort to use BA descending.

We now need to filter the data to only show the 5 rows above & below the selected index. First we need to identify them.

Selected Player Index


The inner IF statement returns the index associated to the selected player. The WINDOW_MAX function then ‘spreads’ this value across all the rows in the data. So we can then identify the records we need

Records to Keep

[Index] >= [Selected Player Index]-5 AND
[Index] <= [Selected Player Index]+ 5

Add this to the Filter shelf and initially select all the values.

Now edit the table calculation settings of this field. It will now contain nested calculations – one related to Index and one related to Selected Player Index. Ensure both are computing by Name and Is Selected Player and both are sorting by BA descending.

Then edit the filter and just select True.

Now apply the tooltip, set the heading and format the headers, remove gridlines, row dividers etc.

Then follow the same steps to create similar charts of the OPS and HR measures, remembering to apply the sorts on the table calculations to the relevant field.

Adding the interaction

Once you have all four sheets built, add to a dashboard. Then create a parameter action to select the player from the WAR sheet.

Select Player

On select of the WAR sheet, set the pSelectedPlayer parameter passing in the Name field.

Then create a filter action to prevent the selection on the WAR sheet from remaining highlighted.

Unhighlight WAR

On selection of the WAR sheet on the dashboard, target the WAR sheet directly and use Selected fields, setting True = False.

Fingers crossed and you should now have a working dashboard. My published version is here.

Happy vizzin’!


Can you create a jittered box plot?

It was Kyle’s turn to set this jittered box plot challenge this week. While it may sound complicated, this is quite a straightforward challenge this week, made more so as Kyle very kindly provides references to other blogs which help you.

So let’s build…

Firstly you need to download the 2 excel files Kyle provides, then relate them via the Team field (this should happen automatically).

On a new sheet add Team to Columns, Age to Rows and Player Code to Detail. Change the mark type to circle, and reduce the Size slightly.

From the Analytics pane, drag box plot onto the sheet and drop onto the Cell image that displays.

Create a new field which is the key field for the jittering functionality



This just generates a random number between 0 and 1.

Add this to Columns and change the view to Entire View so its not all squashed up.

We’ve got our jittered box plot. Now we just have to add in the additional functionality required.

Drag the Playoffs field so that it’s above the line in the data pane on the right hand side (ie change it from a measure to a dimension). Then right click > Aliases to alias to 0 and 1 values to the labels required

Add this field to the Columns in front of the Team field. Re-order so ‘Playoff Teams’ is listed first (I just click on the field name and drag it to the left).

We also need to sort the data based on the median value per team. We need a new field for this.

Median Age per Team

{FIXED [Team]:MEDIAN([Age])}

Add a sort to the Team field, so it sorts by the Median Age per Team descending

Add League to the Filter shelf and set to AL.

Format the worksheet and set the Column Banding to be level 0 and band size 1 to shade the sections as required.

Then adjust the format of the gridlines to remove all row and column gridlines.

Finally, add Name to the Tooltip and adjust accordingly. Then hide the Jitter axes (uncheck Show Header) and adjust the Age axis so it is fixed to start at 18.

You can now add this to a dashboard and you’re done! My published viz is here.

Happy vizzin!


Can you make stacked bar charts easier to compare?

Candra McRae was back to set the challenge this week. I found it relatively straightforward, so if you’re relatively new to Tableau, this is quite a good challenge to start with. In this we’ll cover

  • Grouping the states
  • Applying the sort
  • Adding the total value
  • Adding the interactivity

Grouping the states

The states need to be grouped based on the initial letter. Candra stated she wasn’t expecting a large IF STARTWITH… type formula. I did it by making use of the fact characters can be converted into ASCII which provides a numerical representation of a letter, which we can then utilise. So we need

State Initial ASCII


This takes the 1st letter of the State, ensures it is uppercase, and converts to ASCII. You can see below what this looks does

With this knowledge, we can then create

State Group

IF [State Initial ASCII] <=77 THEN ‘A-M’

and you can now easily create the stacked bar chart (note, I’ve already removed the various gridlines etc)

Applying the Sort

The ultimate intention is to capture the Category a user clicks on into a parameter, so we need to define that parameter


A string parameter defaulted to Office Supplies

Show this parameter on your sheet, so you can manually test how the sort will work by manually changing the values.

Create a new calculated field to define the sort


IF [pSelectedCategory]=[Category] THEN 0 ELSE 1 END

Then edit the sort property of the Category field that’s on the Colour shelf as below

Now change the value in the parameter box to Technology and see how the chart changes.

Adding the total value

Create a new field to store the total values

Total Sales by State Group

{FIXED [State Group]: SUM([Sales])}

Add this onto the Detail shelf, then add a reference line per line as below

Adding the interactivity

Once you’ve added the chart onto a dashboard, you need to add a parameter action which will set the pSelectedCategory parameter with the value from the Category field on select.

To prevent the selected category from ‘remaining selected’ on click, I applied the ‘true=false’ trick I use a lot.

Create a field True = true and a field False = false, then add both to the Detail shelf of the chart viz. On the dashboard add a new filter action which on select passes selected fields only setting true = false. As this condition can never be true, the filter doesn’t apply and this clears the highlight action.

And that is it for this week – short & sweet, but covers a handful of bite-size concepts. My published viz is here.

Happy vizzin’! Stay Safe!


What percentage of sub-orders are profitable?

It was Luke’s turn to provide the challenge for this week – to produce a modified mekko chart (or marimekko chart / mosaic plot – see here for more information).

Luke suggested it would require LODs to solve, but that it would also be possible with table calcs. I tackled it with a mixture of both, mainly based on what felt right at the time.

Like most challenges I worked out the data I needed for the final viz in tabular form first, so I could ratify the numbers and calculations I built before building the viz.

  • Building out the data
  • Building the viz

Building out the data

The y-axis of the viz plots the % of profitable orders for each Sub-Category. So the first thing we need to do is identify a profitable order. A single order can have multiple product lines, where each product line might be associated to a different Sub-Category. We need to determine whether the profit against all the products for the same Sub-Category on a single order is positive (ie profitable) or not. We use an LoD for this

Order Is Profitable

IIF({FIXED [Order ID], [Sub-Category]: SUM([Profit])}>0,1,0)

For each Sub-Category within a single Order ID, check if the total profit is a positive number. If it is then return 1 else 0. I’m purposefully choosing 1 and 0 to help with the next step.

To determine the % of profitable orders, we need to know the total of all the profitable orders as a proportion of all the orders for a Sub-Category.

Count Orders

COUNTD([Order ID])

The number of distinct orders.

Profitable Orders

SUM([Order Is Profitable])/[Count Orders]

formatted to be a percentage with 0 dp.

Put these into a table, along with the Sales measure, and you can see what’s going on

We need to sort this data, first by Profitable Orders desc, then by Sales desc. And we need to sort in a way that can be used once this table of data is displayed in the required Viz format. If we just wanted to sort this table of data displayed here, we can use a technique described in Tableau’s KB here. However this doesn’t work for the viz, as it relies on the newly created dimension existing on the Rows shelf, which won’t work when we get to building the viz, as we can’t put it on rows. Since the field also contains table calculations (Rank), you can’t reference the field in the Sort option of a pill.

Anyway, based on this, and after a bit of trial and error, I managed to create a sort field that I could reference.


STR(ROUND([Profitable Orders],2)) + “-” + STR(ROUND(SUM([Sales])/1000000,2))

Here I’m building up a string field combining the Profitable Orders field, that I’ve rounded to 2 decimal places, with the Sales field that I’ve rounded to $millions at 2 decimal places. This is to ensure that since we’re working with string data, 800 is ordered after 8000 when sorting descending.

Pop this into the view, and set the sort property of the Sub-Category pill to sort by Sort descending

There may be a better way of doing this, and I’m not sure it would work in all circumstances, but it worked for this challenge. I’ll be interested in seeing how others approach this element of the challenge.

Now, that’s resolved, let’s get the other fields we need.

Along with the Profitable Orders %, we also need to display the percentage of non-profitable orders

Non-Profitable Orders

1 – [Profitable Orders]

I also chose to format this to % with 0dp (purely for display purposes in the table).

The width of the bars in the viz, is based on the % of total sales, so let’s work that out…

% of Total Sales


TOTAL is a table calculation that ‘totals’ up the sales in the table. In this case we care about the whole table, but as with any table calculation it can be set to apply to certain partitions in the view.

Having worked out the % of Total Sales, we now need to work out where to plot each Sub-Category along the x axis, as due to the variable width of the bars, we can’t just use the Sub-Category dimension on the Columns shelf.

Each Sub-Category is going to be positioned based on its % of Total Sales relative to it’s position in the sort order. That is we need to work out the cumulative value of % of Total Sales.

% of Total Sales Cumulative

RUNNING_SUM([% of Total Sales])

This totals up the % of Total Sales as we go down the rows in the table, as shown below. I’ve included column grand totals, so you see that % of Total Sales adds up to 100%, and the cumulative version sums up the previous values as it goes down the table, ending in 100% (note the numbers have been rounded due to 0dp, but if you changed the formatting, you’d see this better).

Now we have all the core elements we need to build the viz.

Building the Viz

On a new sheet,

  • add Profitable Orders to Rows
  • add Sub-Category to Detail
  • add % Total Sales Cumulative to Columns

Edit the table calculation setting of the % Total Sales Cumulative field, so that it is computing by Sub-Category (Compute Using -> Sub-Category option from the drop down /context menu of the pill).

Set the sort option against the Sub-Category pill to sort by the Sort field descending

Change the mark type to Bar.

Add % of Total Sales to the Size shelf. Then change the Size option (by clicking on the button) from Manual to Fixed, and set the alignment to Right

Add Non-Profitable Orders to Rows, then right-click on the relevant axis, Edit Axis, and set to reversed

This is the basic viz – it just now needs formatting

  • Add Measure Names to Colour and adjust accordingly
  • Set a white border around each bar (via the Colour shelf)
  • Edit the % Total Sales Cumulative axis, and change to start from -0.05 which will give a bit of space at the front
  • Remove all row / column borders and gridlines
  • To get the black bar visible across the 0 line, I ended up adding a reference line; a constant set to 0, formatted to a black line.
  • Hide the axes
  • Add appropriate fields to the Tooltip and set accordingly.
  • Add Segment to the Filter shelf.

Then just add to a dashboard, and you’re all set. My published viz is here.

Happy vizzin’! Stay Safe!


Table Enhancements for #SportsVizSunday and Pro Football Focus

Community month continues for #WOW2020, with this week’s challenge being set by Spencer Baucke.

This week the challenge focuses on 3 techniques for enhancing a tabular display

  • Drill Down / Expand to show the breakdown by Year
  • Custom Header to control sorting
  • Page Control

I managed this challenge, but it wasn’t without help – I did my research using my friend, Google, and found tutorials to help, so this blog is briefer as you’ll need to read the blogs I reference too ๐Ÿ™‚

Drill Down / Expand

There was a similar challenge last year which I blogged about here… or rather I referenced Rosario Guana’s excellent blog here.

The slight difference between this and the current challenge is that on expand/drill down, the Season is being shown in a separate column, rather than within the same one as above. The need for ‘data duplication’ which is referenced in Rosario’s blog isn’t required in this case. The key fields I used to resolve this part of the challenge are

pSelected Player ID

An integer parameter, defaulted to 0


An integer parameter, defaulted to 2

Max Level


If pLevel is 1 then we’ve already ‘drilled down’, so the max level on display is 2, otherwise we’ve yet to drill down, so the max level on display is 1.

DD Level

IIF([Max Level]=2 AND [Player Id]=[pSelected Player ID],2,1)

If we’ve already drilled down somewhere and you’re on the player we drilled down to, then the drill down level is 2, otherwise it’s 1.

Player ID Arrow

IF [pSelected Player ID] = [Player Id] AND [Max Level]= 2 THEN ‘โ–ผ’
ELSE ‘โ–บ’

If we’ve already drilled down somewhere and you’re on the player we drilled down to, then we want to display the down arrow. I use this site to get the geometric shapes required.

Season Display

IF [pSelected Player ID] = [Player Id] AND [Max Level]=2 THEN STR([Season])

If we’ve already drilled down somewhere and you’re on the player we drilled down to, then we want to display the Season otherwise it needs to be blank.

Player ID Display

Player ID

This is just a duplicate field.

The fields are then arranged along with the measures as below

Player ID is hidden (it will used for the sort later). DD Level is added to the Detail shelf, so it can be referenced by the parameter actions.

NOTE – I had to ask as it wasn’t obvious to me, but the Carries measure is essentially the number of records or count of the table, so Avg YPC becomes SUM([Yards])/[Carries].

To complete the drill down, when added to the dashboard, the following parameter actions are required

Selected Player

passes the value from the Player ID field into the pSelected Player ID parameter

Set Level

Passes the DD Level field into the pLevel parameter

Custom Header to Control Sorting

I followed Tessellation’s blog post, Ultimate Guide to Tables : Headers pretty much verbatim to build the header sheet. Here’s just a few pointers below on how my solution matches with the blog.

For the Measure Rows field referenced, I used the Position field as a field in the data set that contained at least 3 values :

IF [Position] = ‘FB’ THEN -1
ELSEIF [Position] = ‘H’ THEN 0
ELSEIF [Position] = ‘P’ THEN 1

I created parameters

pHeader MeasureNames (which is the equivalent of MN Parameter referenced in the blog).

and pHeader Position which is the equivalent of the Category Parameter mentioned

The parameter actions were then set as

Header – Set Sort Measure

passes Measure Names to the pHeader MeasureNames parameter


Header – Set Sort Direction

passes the Position field into the pHeader Position parameter

When defining the other variables referenced in the blog, I had an issue with the Measure1 TF field; my version looks like

IF [pHeader MeasureNames ] = ‘Measure1’
AND [pHeader Position] = [Position]

For the sorting, I created

Sort Measure Value

CASE [pHeader MeasureNames ]
WHEN ‘Measure1’ THEN [Carries]
WHEN ‘Measure2’ THEN SUM([Yards])
WHEN ‘Measure3’ THEN [Avg YPC]
WHEN ‘Measure4’ THEN SUM([TDs])

and then Sort

IF [pHeader Position] = ‘P’
//up arrow selected, sort ascending
THEN -1 * [Sort Measure Value]
ELSE [Sort Measure Value]

Note – I chose my up and down arrows to behave different from how they are described in the blog. To me clicking ‘up’ suggests a sort ‘upwards’ ie ascending from small to large.

The Sort field is then used to apply the sort to the Player ID field on the table

Page Control

Again I followed a blog by Tessellation – Ultimate Guide to Tables in Tableau : Pagination

The exception, was at Step 5 Build the page navigator, I simply created a new sheet called ‘Curr Page’. This referenced 2 calculated fields

Current Page No

[pPage No]

where pPage No is the equivalent of the page number parameter referenced in the blog.

Total Pages

FLOOR({COUNTD([Player Id])}/[pRows Per Page])+1

where pRows Per Page is the equivalent of the rows to show parameter referenced in the blog.

The only other slight addition required to this challenge, was to reset the page control to page 1 if the sorting was changed. This was done by creating a new calculated field

First Page No


adding this field to the Detail shelf on the header/sort controls sheet, then adding a parameter action

Reset to Page 1

which passes the First Page No to the pPage No parameter

Fingers crossed, I think I’ve covered the main points for this challenge and highlighted where the blogs might differ. My published viz is here.

This has given some great ideas of how to ‘pimp’ a table. I highly recommend you check out some of Tessellation’s other blog posts on tables :

Happy Vizzin’! Stay Safe!


Can you sort dimensions with a single click?

Luke kicked off the 1st workout of 2020 with this challenge – using a ‘header’ sheet to control the sorting on a tabular view below.

Building the table

A couple of measures need creating initially :

Sales / Order

SUM([Sales])/COUNTD([Order ID])

Profit Ratio


The table consists of 3 measures aligned side by side, of different mark types : bar, text, bar. Sub-Category exists on the Rows.

The Sales measure is displayed first on the Columns, with mark type set to Bar, and the axis is fixed to start at 0 so there is minimal spacing between the Row label and the start of the bar. An additional calculated field [Profit Ratio]< 0 is added to the colour shelf and adjusted to be red/grey as appropriate.

As the requirement for the text Sales/Order measure was to right align it, adding Sales/Order measure to columns won’t work. Instead use MIN(0) setting the mark type to Gantt Bar, and making the mark type as small as possible, and setting the opacity to 0. Sales/Order is then added as a label which is then aligned middle left, and therefore right-aligning the text on the screen.

The final measure, Profit Ratio is added to the Columns shelf, also as mark type of Bar. Once again the [Profit Ratio]< 0 is added to the colour shelf.

All row/column lines, gridlines, zero lines and axis lines were set to nothing, but the Profit Ratio measure required a zero line to display. Using the zero line setting of the formatting would have meant a zero line would also display on the Sales bar chart, which wasn’t required. Instead I used a constant reference line of 0 on the Profit Ratio axis only.

And finally, the requirement stated that sort controls on the table should be switched off. This setting can be found under the Worksheet menu. All the axis were then hidden.

Building the ‘Header’ sheet (basic)

To start off I’m just going to describe how to construct a basic header table so it can then it interact with the table on the dashboard, and apply the sorting. I’ll revisit this all later, as getting the header to meet the specific requirements Luke stated was something I admit I struggled with.

At it’s simplest, you can build the header as follows:

  • Measure Names on rows and filtered to just the 3 measures we need
  • Measure Names on Text and aligned Middle Centre
  • Measure Values on Detail
  • Measure Names manually sorted in the order we want
  • Show Header unchecked for Measure Names on the rows shelf

Invoking the Sort

The sort is intended to work by clicking on a label on the header sheet, which in turn should sort the data in the table sheet.

To start off, a string parameter is required which is defaulted to the value Sales

A calculated field is also needed to define the sort measure, based on the sort parameter

Sort By

IF [Sort] = ‘Sales’ THEN SUM([Sales])
ELSEIF [Sort] = ‘Profit Ratio’ THEN [Profit Ratio]
ELSEIF [Sort] = ‘Sales / Order’ THEN [Sales / Order]

On the Table sheet, the Sub-Category field is then set to sort based on the Sort By field

With the Header sheet and the Table sheet added to a dashboard, a Parameter Action can be created which will set the Sort parameter based on the measure name clicked on :

At this point now, you should have the basics of the challenge – a header sheet causing the data in the table sheet to sort based on the label clicked on.

However, Luke added additional complexity to the Header sheet :

  • add an โ–ผ to identify the column label clicked on
  • change the font to be darker for the label clicked on
  • ensure the column labels not clicked on, remained ‘visible’ (ie did not appear to fade as per standard behaviour when data is selected in a viz).

Building the Header (Initial attempt)

My initial attempt to meet the stated requirements made use of a dual axis MIN(0) table, where one axis was of mark type square, with the Measure Names & ‘ โ–ผ ‘ on the label shelf, which was formatted to be a dark font, and set to only show when highlighted. The second axis was a Text mark type, with Measure Names on the text, formatted to a lighter font.

On click on one of the labels, the label associated with the square mark type would be shown, but the other labels ‘faded out’.

Whatever I tried to do to stop them, based on tricks I’ve tried in the past (using a Dummy field and applying a highlight action on the dashboard), didn’t work.

As much as I tried I couldn’t get beyond this, so published this as my solution, and waited for Luke to release his workbook. My version using this method is here.

Building the Header (Luke’s method)

Once Luke made his workbook available, I downloaded it to see what he’d done to keep all the header labels ‘enabled’ on click.

He used a dashboard action filter to set a calculated field ‘True’ to match a calculated field ‘False’. Both these calculated fields had to exist on the Detail shelf of the header sheet. (also note how the dashboard source sheet selects the Header v2 view which targets the Header v2 sheet directly (and not the equivalent view on the dashboard).

This is a technique Luke has blogged about on his own site following a discussion in the Tableau Community :

I have to admit, I had seen this post, and am kicking myself I didn’t remember it to try it out ๐Ÿ˜ฆ

So…. back to my viz, and I applied Luke’s deselect marks idea to my header sheet, but it didn’t work. As I’d made the arrow show on ‘highlight’, this filter action was undoing the highlight, so preventing my label to show.

So I figured I’d just have to copy what Luke had done… and I started to build out his sheet… 3 columns of Min(0) set to Text with Measure Names on the Text :

All I could display was Min(0)… the only way I could see to get the words Sales, Sales/Orders, Profit Ratio displayed, was to add in Measure Values to the Detail shelf… but then all the words overlapped…

So I messaged Luke, as I just couldn’t understand this black magic… but before I got a response, I had a lightbulb moment….


The MIN(0) in the Measure Names had been aliased, to look like the same name of other measures, but I added a leading and trailing space around them all, as you can’t have duplicated names.

This really is something sneaky! but I was quite chuffed I found it before Luke told me.

To get the display and the formatting right, then required an ‘Arrow’ field for each measure along the lines of :

Arrow for Sales

IF [Sort] = ” Sales “
THEN “โ–ผ”
ELSE ” “

(note the leading & trailing spaces). This field is added to the Text shelf on the 1st Min(0) marks card. An equivalent field is then required for the other 2 measures, which are added to their respective marks cards.

Sort – Sales

[Sort] = ” Sales “

This boolean field is then added to the Colour shelf of the 1st Min(0) marks card. Again an equivalent is required for the other 2 measures. Setting the colours correctly will require each label to be clicked on the dashboard to get all the true/false permutations to show.

My revised version to meet the requirement is available here. Be aware if you do download, the field naming might not be identical to that above. This is because I have 1 workbook with both solutions in it, so in some cases needed to have duplicated versions of the calculated fields/parameters, to ensure both versions continued to function.

That was certainly an interesting challenge for Week 1 of the new year, and ultimately I was stumped! Hoping this isn’t going to be a theme for the weeks to come ๐Ÿ™‚

Happy vizzin’!